Writing a Dissertation at College or University

Almost all universities require students to undertake a piece of independent research. This is often referred to as a dissertation or thesis. Because the dissertation relies more on the initiative of the student, and because it is usually a substantial piece of work, it often causes students a great deal of stress. Here are some hands-on tips to help you tackle the dissertation.

Tip 1: Start early – do not delay in getting the dissertation under way. A little bit done on a regular basis really does make all the difference. Set aside two to three hours a week to begin with. In no time at all you will have made substantial progress, which will serve to motivate you even further.

Tip 2: No data = no dissertation. While ideally the research process requires you to come up with a topic and then decide what data you need, in the real world I would never embark on a research project without first considering access to data. In many instances it makes sense to start with reflecting on what data might be relatively easily available to you that you could build a dissertation around.

Tip 3: Starting early means starting to write early too! Some tutors give the advice that you ‘write-up’ the dissertation at the end. This is nonsense. It does not matter if you have to redraft your work, 99% of writers do this. The dissertation is something that should come together gradually. The process or writing itself will get you to think through the material you have been reading and working on.

Tip 4: Make sure the data analysis and interpretation are linked to the literature review. To do so the literature review needs to have clear themes, or better still a theoretical framework (a collection of key concepts and how these relate to one another). Remember that your study needs to relate to the body of knowledge that already exists.

Tip 5: Tell the reader what your aim and objectives are and then in the conclusion tell them how you have met them. People who mark lengthy pieces of work often start by trying to get an overview of it. One way of doing this is to read the introduction and then the conclusion. You should make it clear to the reader that you have done what you said you set out to do. It is surprising how often students fail to do this!

Top Success Tips in IELTS Writing Task 2

The topic given must be read carefully so as to decide what category it best fits in. A particular topic may be suitable for attempting like a debate. For example it could be argumentative and a candidate has to adopt a view either to agree or disagree by it. Take for instance the topic which says ” The rural people need to migrate to cities for their bright prospects in future”

Firstly after reading it make sure you are aware of advantages for migrating people to cities and its disadvantages and also the interests of the city population. Now you should be taking one of the sides. Be either in favor or against the motion. It is up to a student’s choice. However it is highly recommended that larger interests should be kept in mind. So the better approach is to go against the verdict.

The reason for such choice is there is ample scope to write lots of ideas about harms of over population and lots about cities faced with problems of urbanization and scarcity of facilities.

Prepare to write at least four paragraphs in this matter. The first paragraph should be around thirty five words and there is no need to worry if it goes to forty to forty two words at maximum. In the first paragraph the ideas presented should be taken as neutral to both views. It can present a general trend visible like migration to cities. At this point don’t use personal views of your own. Try to be objective. For example to write, A city has always been an attractive destination for village people who feel they might carve their better future living with all facilities. And on the other hand, cities have multiplied in population and chances of unemployment have risen. The third point can be, although migration has thousand years history but conditions have changed since then in a dramatic way.

Write the second paragraph which should reflect or express the views of your opponents. Let your mind for a while give chance to write as the people would feel while approving the idea to migrate to cities. Make sure to present weak ideas on their part which at the most could be only assumptions or beliefs rather than facts. For example, people favoring to migrate to cities feel, they would adjust very well and improve their economy. Be sure you are aware this point is weak as you know that these are only wish fulfillment ideas and truth may be bitter. Present such four to five ideas with weak points. This will prepare a ground for you to effectively encounter them by your strong arguments in the third paragraph.

The third paragraph must have yourself expressed mentioning like, I strongly disapprove, I believe, I feel dreaming is not reality etc. The paragraph should be aimed at falsifying and countering the weak ideas propagated by favoring expressions. Be careful not to mention words like ‘they, who, or persons or words referring to persons ‘like in second paragraph. Rather the target should be the ideas to counter. For example, the idea to improve one’s future in a new place invites trouble in adjustment and the fact is cities are expensive than rural areas to live and hence not a wise choice. Here there is no mention of person or referring words to persons. It is only ideas countering ideas. Take ideas of third paragraph one by one and counter them convincingly.

In the fourth paragraph which is a sum up, it is best to use words referring to persons like He, she, they, etc as if being addressed by you. Here a student can use ‘I’ am deeply convinced that people merely acting out of ambitions and dreams may land people in trouble when faced with reality.Shifting to cities proves upsetting the balance between villages and cities. Rather the need is to develop villages on city lines. If all move to cities, it would look like a colony of termites in congested places and city beautiful could turn into city filth which no one likes.

Such a model writing is focused on argumentative topics and like other categories should not exceed two hundred and fifty words.

Essay Writing Tips – Creating a Compelling Introduction

When it comes to writing essays, many would argue that the introduction is the key to whether your essay is a success or failure. The introduction should serve to inform, inspire and potentially educate the reader, but this is only possible if the introduction is written in such a way that it can be deemed compelling. How you achieve this will obviously depend to some extent on the subject matter but there are some key points to consider, no matter what the subject, which could help you to achieve the compelling introduction to open your essay.

Firstly, remember that your introduction doesn’t need to be, and indeed shouldn’t be too lengthy. Using excess words or developing topics or themes too thoroughly at this stage will leave you struggling to write original content later on in your essay, when the arguments need to be powerful and thought provoking. If you explain all your theories and ideas in the first paragraph the reader will have no reason to read on. Furthermore, succinct writing, especially in the introduction allows for a clear background to your essay to be established.

Background information is essential for any sound essay, and the introduction is the point at which this information should be entered. Providing a background to your question, hypothesis and research will allow your essay to be set in context, making it a far more compelling read.

Once you have laid out the background, you should then briefly mention the key points of your essay, consider what you are trying to prove or disprove. If your argument is countered or supported by other research, state how your work will differ or show similarities to these schools of thought.

Having informed the reader about the background, and stated your key arguments you can then go on to explain exactly how your essay will be developed in terms of research techniques, literature reviews, experiments, and analysis. Again, be sure not to reveal all of the secrets of your essay in your introduction, just enough to inform, enlighten and encourage the reader to want to find out more.

Remember that if you’re trying to get someone to want to read your work, it helps if you actually want to write it in the first place; therefore before you start any writing, make sure your essay is dealing with a topic that interests you. This will then come across in your writing and will help to make not only a compelling introduction but a compelling essay in its entirety.

MBA Dissertation Writing Tips

Completion of an MBA program ensures realistic future benefits for the student and the organization. This explains why completing an MBA dissertation is critical to graduating from your MBA course. People seeking an MBA degree has been on the rise for the past few years. The graduates of MBA and PhD programs who had completed MBA and PhD dissertations are the cream of the crop and are likely to occupy top management positions in their respective employment. We are living in a highly competitive business world and people who win are those who usually completed their MBA dissertations. Business operations and workplaces are changing. Employees know that the positive respond to a changing pace of technology and business operation is only the pursuit of higher education to obtain an impressive resume and experience in research and data analysis.

Completing your MBA dissertation will be time consuming, but worth the effort spent. MBA dissertations differ from an MBA thesis. Here are some how to tips and helpful information to completing your MBA dissertations:

Other MBA dissertation writing tips include asking questions to your assigned faculty help. Your assigned faculty has all the experience and knowledge to answer your questions and help you complete your paper. Take advantage of the opportunity for a personal coaching as much as possible. The dissertation is an individual academic paper project design to test your thorough understanding of the topic as well as show some acquired research techniques with a range of course materials and subjects. Universities usually assign a faculty supervisor for each student to guide and help them complete the dissertation. Good MBA dissertation writing tips should include how it is crucial to seek their help to be able to write and follow university’s required format including laying out paper structure. Educators chosen to guide you have the necessary technical skill, knowledge, and experience of the field of study you have chosen. These qualifications make them an authority of that particular field of study to which they are capable of providing valuable insight.

MBA dissertation writing tips include showing your knowledge of the research process. Research is a well-earned skill gained through constant reading and performing research. The panel reviewing your MBA dissertation would want to know about your understanding of the research topic from the content that you have written. You derived your analysis and conclusions from your content. You demonstrate powerful research techniques from the quality of your content. Any individual competing in a business setting needs solid research skills. Your techniques and methods of research are the heart of any MBA dissertation. Content is everything and they came from research. Illustrate being an expert researcher. You have higher chance for success if you methodically show research competence.

Select reliable editing companies that will help you perform intensive research. The dissertation topic usually focuses on business operations and analysis. Your research and dissertation topic relate with the business conditions in the real world. More MBA dissertation writing tips include how it is important that you learn how to make your general outline, follow the guidelines, analyze your research materials, and select the topic that you are confident you can complete. The strength of your recommendations, conclusions, and analysis largely depend on the information that you have gathered. It is critical that you choose a business topic that you are capable of completing.

Preparing and completing an MBA dissertation takes a lot of your time. Some students consider it long and difficult. However, we have a team of writers that can help you with your MBA dissertation difficulties. Please send us your requirements and we will reply with a free quote.

5 Quick Tips To Writing A Dissertation Proposal

A dissertation proposal is the 1st step to writing your dissertation. A dissertation is required to acquire your doctorate in your field of study. The proposal is really a small portion of the dissertation but an important portion of your research. Your dissertation proposal will be presented to your advisor for acceptance. In the event the advisor does not agree to your dissertation proposal, then it is back to the drawing board. Here are some tips to ensure that your dissertation proposal gets accepted and you may get started writing your dissertation and be on your way to a well-deserved doctorate!

Tip #1 – Concentrate On A Precise Topic

Look at a broad topic inside your field and then narrow it down. Simply ensure your topic isn’t too narrow that there isn’t enough information to finish your research for your dissertation. One possibility could be that you simply improve on your master’s thesis topic and focus on a subtopic. You know the material and you are interested in the topic.

Tip #2 – Be Crystal Clear and To The Point

You have to be crystal clear about your topic in your dissertation proposal. It starts with a clear understanding of your topic and then identifying a method to share that with others verbally as well as on paper. Try describing your topic to friends who are not in your field of study. Ask them if they fully grasp your dissertation topic. If they blankly nod and appear concerned then you need to work on your technique or your topic. Your dissertation topic is going to be accepted faster if you are clear and brief about the topic.

Tip #3 – Discover Your University’s Dissertation Proposal Guidelines

Go to your dissertation advisor and ask them what are the program’s or university’s dissertation proposal guidelines and also the easiest way to adhere to them. You can also use the internet and locate the guidelines. It shouldn’t take much effort and it’ll save you considerable time in the future. You want your dissertation topic to be approved swiftly so you can proceed with writing your dissertation.

Tip #4 – Begin Writing Your Dissertation

In the event you discovered a topic that you’re interested in and you’re feeling the need to start writing, then go for it! Begin writing as you wait to hear back from the advisor. Most of us are familiar with writer’s block and it can be distressing to individuals writing their dissertation. If you need to start writing, then don’t restrain and begin! A great tip is to write every day for 15 minutes. It gets the creative juices flowing daily and it helps you avoid long fits of not composing.

Tip #5 – Target Your Topic

It’ll be tempting to go on tangents and make your dissertation topic way too vast and grand. Your dissertation was created to concentrate on one topic within your proposal. Adhere to your chosen dissertation topic and cover it fully. If you feel the need to expand on your work then think of this as your first look at the subject. Maybe someday you research the subject more and create a book.

Writing a dissertation proposal will take concentrate on a particular topic, you should be obvious and brief, and you have to discover your college’s dissertation proposal rules. Start out writing your dissertation while you wait to hear if your advisor accepted your subject and always concentrate on your topic.

Tips For Writing a University-Level Essay

When you take the bold step to commence a university undergraduate course you are moving into a new realm of education, which in turn requires you to deliver a new level of academic work. This will involve giving presentations, completing research and writing university level essays. In order to meet the requirements of these essays there are a number of tips that you should follow which should set you on the track to academic success.

Firstly, remember that university essays should be well researched and contain lots of supporting evidence in terms of other people’s previous findings. This supporting evidence could be in the form of a literature review or just quoting others’ work throughout your essay. Any references to other resources must be credited appropriately. Be sure to follow your university’s specific guidelines in this respect as valuable marks can potentially be lost just by not applying the correct referencing method, or by applying the right method incorrectly. It may pay to familiarise yourself with whichever style your university uses, before you even begin writing. A common referencing style is the Harvard system of referencing which has very strict rules about crediting authors, research papers and journals etcetera but your University should be able to provide you with tailored guidance.

Secondly, a university level essay should try to delve deeper than a college level essay necessarily would. It should stretch and question theories and allow you to add your own knowledge and opinions in order to draw conclusions, some of which may never have been drawn before. This means you can’t just recite your lecture notes, there must be some individual application of knowledge, and this is a challenge that many new undergraduates struggle with.

As with all essays a university level essay should have a sound introduction, a thorough research and analysis section and sound conclusions. This should then be followed by a full reference list and a bibliography. Within all of these elements you should make sure that you format your work according to your university guidelines, this is good practice for when you come to writing your dissertation, as correct formatting and adherence to style guidelines could mean the difference between a first and a 2:1, in the same way, any essay, whether written at university or college should be proofread, preferably by a third party, to ensure that it is free from any spelling or grammar mistakes. Following all of these tips will allow your university level essays to achieve the grades you deserve and give you a good foundation for when it comes to writing your dissertation.

7 College Essay Writing Tips to Blow Their Socks Off!

1. Write your college application essay before your senior year begins. Senior year is very busy, and you don’t need another distraction from concentrating on what’s more important: your studies. Get it brainstormed, drafted, corrected and finally written before September 1.

2. Find a topic that you know better than anyone. For example, you’re a dancer because you use dance as a way to express with your body what you cannot express with your vocal cords. Who knows the language of your body better than you do? Who knows more about what you say with your dance than you do? You’re the expert, which is why it’ll be a whole lot easier for you to communicate what you want to say. Read: your essay can be one easy task!

3. Keep it simple. By way of illustration, let’s say you’re standing on a street corner and you witness a car crash in front of you; you were the only one who witnessed the crash, and the police have asked you to write a description of what you saw. Why did the police ask you? Because they know you are the expert in what you experienced in that brief moment of the car crash. You could write about a brief moment in your life that had some positive impact on you because you are the expert on how that moment affected you. Keeping it simple also means using simple words, so throw away the thesaurus.

4. Make your first statement of the essay the most powerful. Readers in a college admissions office believe 80% of the essays they read are a waste of time. So make your first statement a “hook” – a pleasant surprise that catches their attention from the get-go. Here are some example first-sentences of what some of my students wrote last year:

“I was suddenly surrounded by rifles pointing at me.” (theme: paintball) “It was clear that I was completely cut off from civilization.” (theme: wilderness hiking) “I had nowhere to go but down.” (theme: overachieving) “Pain was a requirement for me to succeed.” (theme: dancing/ballet)

5. Read your essay out loud. Besides your eyes use your ears to hear what you’re saying. Reading out loud gives you another sense of how the essay is moving, and you’ll be able to tell if it sounds right or needs improvement. Then get friends and family members to read and listen to what you’re saying. Ask for comments and suggestions.

6. Essays should be no longer than 500 words. Give the admissions reader another reason to LOVE you – keep it shorter than 500 words. The 500-word limit has been a standard for years, and the Common App now allows you to write more than 500 words. With short attention spans in a college admissions office, do you think colleges are excited that the Common App allows you to write more than they want to read? Less is more, or quality beats quantity every time.

7. Keep your essay upbeat and positive. My favorite college essay requirement comes from the College of William & Mary: “Surprise us!” What they’re asking you to do is write something that’s positive. Why? Like most colleges they’re so used to reading the seven deadly topics they don’t like: divorce, disabilities, death, dysfunctional behavior, trips, sports injuries, and boyfriend/girlfriend breakups. Not to write about these topics would be a huge surprise.

Tips for Writing College Essays: Literary Analysis

Writers block. Talk about the number one time waster when it comes to studying and assignment completion in college. And let’s be realistic here, it isn’t just WRITER’S block, it is really PROJECT CREATOR’S block. Whether we are writing a paper, creating a PowerPoint presentation, a short video production, a website, or any time of major project in an English course, we eventually hit that brick wall of saying “what do I do next?”

Well, if you are participating in any sort of English class, whether it is literature, critical theory… etc. there is a good chance that you will run out of the creative juices at some point. The problem is that it can sometimes take FOREVER to get back in track, when you really just want to get the project done fast. So here’s a quick set of steps you can take to get the creative ideas flowing again.

Consider the Big Picture

Just ask yourself the following question about the (literary analysis) topic you chose to write about.

What are the primary themes or big ideas that are represented in the text(s) I’m concerned with?

Simple, right? If you have narrowed the focus of your paper well enough, you hopefully don’t have more than three of these. And those three should honestly be bridging up to an even bigger, singular idea. Anyway, take those ideas or that idea and take the next simple step.

Symbol Identification

English classes, and especially literature courses, are largely representing philosophy and world views (culture) through metaphor. This means that you can have a lot of creativity in your interpretation of a text. And you really can’t be wrong, as long as you make a compelling argument for it. But here’s the key to overcoming that writer’s block…

Symbols are a KEY metaphorical tool of authors!

So, simply pick out some symbol – whether it is a character, a description, an item… etc. – that helps explain the text’s or texts’ attitude toward that big idea. Now you can get into an elaboration of a particular symbol and big idea within your writing. At this point, find a few quotes surrounding that symbol that help back up your position, and you’ve just crunched out another 250+ words in your paper. Also, add your own elaborations after each quote to explain how the quotes prove your argument.

Not only is this a great way to add some more description and elements to your paper, this same process can be used as a way to create your thesis statement:

– Just look for the big ideas,

-Find a symbol (or a few) that make a statement about that big idea,

-Then argue that the symbol represents your author’s viewpoint on the big idea.

-Or maybe the author is satirizing that viewpoint. Use your own discretion here.